During the winter months, cold temperatures can have a direct negative impact on health. And this statement does not only refer to infectious diseases, such as the common cold of these dates. The cold and the accompanying wind often also affect the organism on the outside, and this is where the skin comes into play. In the case of people with diabetes, especially in those who have circulatory problems, the skin can be harmed in the winter season. That is why it is essential to take care of it, as discussed in this article.
How does the cold affect the skin?
Not everyone has the same type of skin and, therefore, the cold will affect each person differently. In general, the parts of the body that support the lowest temperatures are those that are exposed to them: hands and face (especially lips and cheeks).
Some of the most common symptoms are dryness, peeling, premature aging, redness and even small wounds. In the skin of the face, these rednesses can manifest in episodes of rosacea or couperose.
Why does the cold affect the skin?
In people with diabetes, when blood glucose levels are high, the body loses fluid, causing the skin to dry out, which makes it easier for it to open. And when the latter occurs, the possibility of the entry of microbes that cause infections increases. Hence the importance of protecting the skin if you suffer from this pathology.To this is added another series of more general problems, such as skin deterioration in winter, generated by the strong temperature changes to which it is exposed throughout the day.
How to avoid or mitigate the impact of cold on the skin?
Since the skin protects the body from external factors, it is only fair that people try to protect it. In this sense following the guidelines recommends these indications to mitigate the impact of cold on the skin.
Maintain a good hydration of the body
Drinking 1.5-2 liters of water daily, although do not feel thirsty in the same way as in summer. You should also take care of the diet through the consumption of numerous fruits and vegetables, rich in vitamin C and antioxidants, which promote the regeneration of the skin.
In daily cleaning, avoid very high water temperatures, which remove the hydrolipid mantle, and use products that respect the chemical structure of the skin, since some chemicals can increase their vulnerability.
Hydrate the areas of the body most exposed to cold, such as hands, face, and lips, with specific products and adapted to the needs of each skin. It is recommended that these include a factor of sun protection, especially during the practice of winter sports in snow areas, but also on a day to day basis.
Dress well when going out on the street with not too tight clothes and appropriate fabrics, such as cotton, that perspires, maintaining body heat. Inside the house, temperatures above 22 degrees must be avoided and, to mitigate the dryness produced by some heating systems, humidifiers can be used. These are some essential tips, which should be adjusted to each case.